Type 1.5 Diabetes

  • What is diabetes?
      • A chronic health condition where the body is unable to produce insulin and properly break down sugar (glucose) in the blood.
      • You have diabetes because either:
      • Your body makes too little or no insulin.
        This is called type 1 diabetes; or
      • Your body can’t use the insulin it makes.
        This is called type 2 diabetes.
  • What is Type 1 diabetes?
    • Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that results in the permanent destruction of insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas. Type 1 is lethal unless treatment with exogenous insulin via injections replaces the missing hormone.
    • What causes Type 1 diabetes?
      • No one really knows what causes type 1 diabetes.
  • What is Type 1.5 diabetes (LADA)?
    • Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA) is a genetically-linked, hereditary autoimmune disorder that results in the body mistaking the pancreas as foreign and responds by attacking and destroying the insulin-producing beta islet cells of the pancreas. Simply stated, autoimmune disorders, including LADA, are an “allergy to self.”
    • LADA closely resembles juvenile (type 1) diabetes and shares common physiological characteristics of type 1 for metabolic dysfunction, genetics, and autoimmune features, but LADA does not affect children and is classified distinctly as being separate from juvenile diabetes

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